myrrh ( Commiphora myrrha )


Botanical: Commiphora myrrha (HOLMES)
 Family: N.O. Bursera

 Part Used :The oleo-gum-resin from the stem


Active constituents: an essential oil, resins and gurus , volatile oil containing heerabolene, cadinene, elemol, eugenol, furanodienone, curzerenone, lindestrene, 2 methoxy furanodiene and other derivatives; Resins including alpha, beta commiphoric acid, commiphorinic acid, alpha and Beta heerabomyrrhols; Gum composed of arabinose, galactose, xylose and 4-0-methylglucuronic acid; plant sterols. (Stimulant, expectorant, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, carminative. Myrrh is used internally for stomach complaints, tonsillitis, pharyngitis and gingivitis, and externally for ulcers, boils, and wounds. Stimulates the production of white blood corpuscles and has a direct antimicrobial effect.)

The main chemical components of myrrh oil are a-pinene, cadinene, limonene, cuminaldehyde, eugenol, m-cresol, heerabolene, acetic acid, formic acid and other sesquiterpenes and acids

Properties: emmenagogue, expectorant, antispasmodic, volatile oil containing heerabolene, cadinene, elemol, eugenol, furanodienone, curzerenone, lindestrene, 2 methoxy furanodiene and other derivatives; Resins including alpha, beta commiphoric acid, commiphorinic acid, alpha and Beta heerabomyrrhols; Gum composed of arabinose, galactose, xylose and 4-0-methylglucuronic acid; plant sterols. (Stimulant, expectorant, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, carminative. Myrrh is used internally for stomach complaints, tonsillitis, pharyngitis and gingivitis, and externally for ulcers, boils, and wounds. Stimulates the production of white blood corpuscles and has a direct antimicrobial effect.)
disinfectant, stimulant, carminative

Uses: Its uses are similar to those of frankincense, with which it is often combined in liniments and incense. Myrrh is more blood-moving, while frankincense tends to move the chi more, and is better for arthritic conditions.
Myrrh is one of the most effective of all known disinfectants and is wisely used medically for this purpose. It increases circulation, heart rate and power. It is useful for amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, menopause and uterine tumors, as it: purges stagnant blood out of the uterus. Myrrh is good for many chronic diseases, including obesity and diabetes. It helps toothache pain applied externally. For inner ear infections, combine equal parts of Echinacea and Mullein with one-quarter part myrrh to make a tea. The alcoholic extracts of these herbs are combined to make a medicated oil. An excellent liniment for bruises, aches and sprains is made from a combination of myrrh, golden seal and cayenne, macerated in rubbing alcohol for about two weeks. Combined with peach seeds cud safflower, myrrh is good for stomatitis, gingivitis and laryngitis.

Myrrh is most commonly used in Chinese medicine for rheumatic, arthritic and circulatory problems. It is combined with such herbs as tienchi ginseng, safflower, Doug quai , cinnamon and Salvia milthiorrhiza (Alan shun), usually in rice wine, and used both internally and externally. However, myrrh is not as important in Chinese medicine as it is in the systems of India, the Middle East and the West, which ascribe to it tonic and rejuvenative properties. A related species, known as guggul in Ayurvedic medicine is considered one of the best substances for the treatment of circulatory problems, nervous system disorders and rheumatic complaints.  Pitch from pine trees and other bush and tree resins also are used as antirheumatics.

The preparation of guggul in traditional Ayurvedic medicine can serve as a model for the detoxification of various resins intended for internal use. Place the myrrh or other resinous material in a porous or muslin bag and suspend it from two crossed sticks into a simmering tea of  Triphala or other alterative herbs (turmeric also is good for improving the blood-moving properties of myrrh). After simmering for a period of time, remove the sack with the residue and continue to cook the tea down to a thick moist mat at the bottom of the pot. This is spread out in the open air to dry into solid chunks; or the residue is further prepared and softened with ghee and rolled into little pills. The dose is two or three pills the size of a mung bean, two or three times a day.


Myrrh acts as an anti-spasmotic circulatory stimulant to the uterus. In this capacity, the resin or tincture is taken for amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea as a purgative of stagnant blood. It helps normalize irregular periods. Myrrh helps promote efficient contractions and relieves pain during childbirth. As an antimicrobial, dilute tincture can be used in vaginal douches. Its internal use should be avoided by pregnant women


Myrrh Abstracts from PubMed

A sampling of studies published on PubMed concerning myrrh derived from different species of Commiphora reveals that the resin reduces cholesterol and triglycerides; that it is a promising non-hepatotoxic anti- helminthic for schistosomiasis; that it is highly effective (100 per cent cure rate) on fascioliasis parasite without remarkable side effects; that its triterpene Myrrhanol A is a more potent anti-inflammatory than hydrocortisone; that it possesses smooth muscle-relaxing properties; that its sesquiterpene fractions had antibacterial and antifungal activity against pathogenic strains of E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans; and that its extract has strong efficacy as an insecticide against the cotton leafworm. In other publications it has been reported that a sesquiterpenoid compound isolated from myrrh is highly effective against drug-resistant tumor cells found in the breast and prostate, without toxicity to healthy cells.

Precautions: Any resins tend to be difficult to eliminate and can cause minor damage to the kidneys if taken internally over an extended period.


Side Effects

According to the PDR For Herbal Medicine, “No health hazards or side effects are known in conjunction with the proper administration of designated therapeutic dosages.”


Myrrh should not be taken orally by women who are pregnant. Oral doses of two to four grams have resulted in kidney irritation and heart rate changes, both of which resolved after individuals stopped taking myrrh. Cases of allergic rashes have been reported from the topical use of myrrh. It may lower blood sugar in some individuals.


No interactions are reported.

Major Side Effects

Oral doses of 2,000 mg to 4,000 mg (2 grams to 4 grams) of myrrh have resulted in:

  • Diarrhea
  • Heart rate changes
  • Kidney irritation

Less Severe Side Effects

When it is applied to the skin, myrrh occasionally may cause an allergic reaction that may include an itchy rash. In addition, some evidence suggests that frequent applications of myrrh to the same area of skin can eventually be irritating.

Dosage: of the powder 1-15 grains, for limited periods.
In formulas (also for limited periods) 3-12 guns.


sources :

for further reading



October 5, 2007 at 9:41 pm Leave a comment

herbs as emmenagogues

 ” Herbal ‘Emmenagogues’

Achillea millefolium —– Yarrow
Anemone pulsatilla —– Pasque Flower
Artemisia abrotanum —– Southernwood
Artemisia absinthium —– Wormwood
Artemisia vulgaris —– Mugwort
Calendula officinalis —– Calendula
Caulophyllum thalictroides —– Blue Cohosh
Chamaelirium luteum —– False Unicorn Root
Cimicifuga racemosa —– Black Cohosh
Gentiana spp. —– Gentian
Hydrastis canadensis —– Golden Seal
Hyssopus officinalis —– Hyssop
Lavandula officinalis —– Lavender
Leonurus cardiaca —– Motherwort
Marrubium vulgare —– Horehound
Marsdenia condurango —– Condurango
Marrubium vulgare —– Chamomile
Mentha piperita —– Peppermint
Mentha pulegium —– Pennyroyal
Mitchella repens —– Partridge Berry
Petroselinum sativum —– Parsley
Rosemarinus officinalis —– Rosemary
Rubus idaeus —– Raspberry
Ruta graveolens —– Rue
Salvia officinalis —– Sage
Salvia officinalis —– var. rubia —– Red Sage
Senecio aureus —– Life Root
Tanacetum parthenium —– Feverfew
Tanacetum vulgare —– Tansy
Thymus spp. —– Thyme
Tilia spp. —– Linden
Trillium erectum —– Beth Root
Trigonella foenum-graecum —– Fenugreek
Tropaeolum majus —– Nasturtium
Valeriana officinalis —– Valerian
Verbena officinalis —– Vervain
Viburnum opulus —– Cramp Bark
Viburnum prunifolium —– Black Haw
Vitex agnus-castis —– Chasteberry
Zingiber officinale —– Ginger

Mild Emmenagogues

These include Parsley, Ginger, Yarrow, Feverfew, Rosemary and Sage. 


Medium Strength Emmenagogues

Parsley, Queen Anne’s Lace Seeds, Black Cohosh, Mugwort, Juniper.


Strong Emmenagogues 

Several of these herbs are also listed as abortifacients, which I have given a page of its own. You can find more information about these herbs there.
Pennyroyal, Angelica, Savin, Rue, Tansy, Asafetida,
Blue Cohosh, and Vitamin C, celery seed, birthwort.



for further reading :

October 5, 2007 at 12:55 pm Leave a comment

emmenagogue and essential oil


Certain essential oils have the ability to assist in promoting menstruation (menses) and regulating the monthly discharge, but although these oils are very helpful in treating problems of this nature, some of them should be avoided in early pregnancy.

Areas where these emmenagogue essential oils can be helpful, when used in aromatherapy would include disorders such as:

  • Dysmenorrhoea – painful menstruation
  • Leucorrhoea – mucus discharge
  • Amenorrhoea – absence of menstruation

Please note that essential oils and aromatherapy should not be used instead of medical treatment, and any medical problems must be referred to your licensed medical practitioner.

The following oils are classified as emmenagogue essential oils


for further reading :

October 5, 2007 at 12:28 pm 3 comments



” Emmenagogues

are herbs which stimulate blood flow in the pelvic area and uterus, some stimulate menstruation. Women have used plants such as mugwort, parsley and ginger to prevent or terminate early pregnancy. Others use emmenagogues to stimulate menstrual flow when menstruation is absent for reasons other than pregnancy, such as hormonal disorders

They can work in a variety of ways, but the end result is menstruation. Its action can be mild or strong depending on the herb.

Most abortifacient herbs have been classified as emmenagogues since the 1400’s by authors who for whatever reason did not want to be direct when describing the herbs abilities. Most often this was to avoid persecution during the witch hunts, when possessing such knowledge could be fatal.

While most abortifacient herbs are classified as emmenagogues. Not all emmenagogues will cause abortion. These two categories of herbs are difficult to separate because in truth they do overlap. An emmenagogue is an herb which encourages menstrual bleeding, and abortifacient herbs do this as well, but when dealing with pregnancy many emmenagogues are not strong enough to cause the pregnancy to abort, they can however in individuals with a weak constitution, or where the fertilized egg is not healthy and likely to abort on its own. When menstruation is delayed for reasons other than pregnancy, often mild emmenagogues are enough to get the flow going again.


for further reading :

October 5, 2007 at 12:03 pm Leave a comment

Essential Oils

 “What is an Essential Oil?”

Poetically called the “life force” of a plant, essential oils are very complex.

Essential oils are stored in special cells, ducts, or glandular hairs that are distributed among the roots, leaves, bark, stems, and flowers of the plant.

Uplifting, protective, calming, and regenerating essential oils – a unique gift from the plant world. 

Essential oils protect the plant from insects and other herbivores, from bacteria, molds, fungi, and other microorganisms, and also helps to heal inflicted wounds.  These unique characteristics make essential oils highly beneficial to humankind.

A single oil may contain hundreds of constituents that are molecularly aligned in exactly the right manner to trigger a number of responses in the human body.  Very concentrated and very powerful, a drop or two of distilled therapeutic-grad essential oil produces quick and significant results.

“How Essential Oils Work?”

Our senses connect us to the world and allow us to respond to our environment. Essential oils fill our senses and trigger physiological and psychological responses in our bodies.

Fragrance is the substance of memories.  On whiff of a childhoold aroma can set the memory in motion, brining back thoughts, faces, and feelings long forgotten.  How does this happen?  Fragrance consists of volatile molecules that float in the air.  Millions of olfactory receptor cells line the nose.  Aroma causes these nerves to fire and send messages to the limbic area of the brain.  From there, the messages travel to other parts of the brain, activating thought and memory.  The pituitary gland is also stimulated to release chemical messages that travel via the blood to glands and organs that create physical body responses.  Hence a scent has the power to activate a number of physical and emotional responses.  It happens in less than a second!

Because of their molecular structures, essential oils are rapidly absorbed when applied to the skin.  Silky smooth to the touch, they penetrate the outer layer of skin.  It is often possible to smell some oils on the breath shortly after applying them to the body.  Upon reaching the dermal layer of skin, essential oils lead to different effects, depedning on the type of oil applied.

Essential oils – nongreasy yet soft and soothing – are different from common vegatable oils.  The pure essence of a plant, lost in the normal processing of herbs and flowers, is captured in essential oils.  Pure essential oils are rapidly absorbed or inhaled, and rush directly to their targets.  The quick distribution of essential oils results in a rapid response. 

“Fragrance is quickly gaining credibility as a powerful tool in both the medical and scientific communities.”

Alan R. Hirsch, M.D., Director of the Smell and Taste Treatment and Research Foundation in Chicago, Il

Why Therapeutic-Grade Oils?”

There is a huge difference between oils that merely smell good and therapeutic-grade essential oils.  The quality of Young Living’s pure and potent essential oils has established credibility with eminent scientists and medical professionals who continue to research and validate the effectiveness of these timeless natural wonders.

Reported effects of essential oils are based on results that occur when using pure, unadulterated products.  Do not expect cheap copies that smell similar to natural plant oils to have the same effects.  If you do not experience the results you seek, it is not because the oils do not work, but is more likely due to using an adulterated oil or a chemically created substitute.  Young Living Essential Oils produces only therapeutic-grade essential oils.

Young Living Essential Oils brings you the therapeutic scents of nature, captured in bottles as pure oil.  Personal care products, supplements, and a number of essentials for everyday living are created with these unadulterated oils.  Let the aroma of our oils revitalize you physically, mentally, and spiritually in a way that only ntature can.  Enjoy the pure scents of nature – Young Living Essential Oils. 

“How to Use Essential Oils?”

Direct Application:

Apply directly to the skin.  Dilute oils if necessary.

Oils penetrate skin.  Rapid absorption delivers benefits throughout the body within minutes.


 for further reading


October 5, 2007 at 11:08 am Leave a comment




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